阿塞拜疆通过宪法修正案 总统任期延长至7年

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2019-02-16

AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycan’tfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanization’sreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployees’rights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkers’innovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidents’basicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereform’sachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyu’sre-writefromCaiFang’sopinionarticlepublishedonPeople’sDaily.为了生儿子找情妇,为了与亲家攀比受贿换大房子。这表明,以实践为核心范畴的实践唯物主义并不是无的放矢的标新立异,而是对“现实的历史”的哲学概括,是对时代精神的理论升华。

去年3月,微软大中华区负责人曾透露,微软与中国电科合作开发的政府部门专用版Windows10操作系统已完成第一个版本。Theconceptusesthatgrewoutoftheembryoniccellsbroughtbackfromspace.[ScreenshotofCCTVreport]TheembryoniccellsofthemangobroughtbackbymannedspacecraftShenzhouXIlastNovemberafterthe33-dayspacemissionhavenowgrownnewtissuesatalabinSouthChina"sHainanprovince.Thesecellsweredevelopedunderanexperimentdesignedtocultivateanewvarietyofmangothroughenvironmentalmutationinspace.Scientists"nextstagetaskistostudyhowthemutationcanaffectthefruitandfurthercultivatethebreedthatcanbecome"spacemangoes"."Spacemangoesareexpectedtobeinsect-resistant,ofhigherqualityandprovidemoreoutput,"saidPengLongrong,headoftheproject,toCCTV.董某表示,自己也曾看到过百银公司的营业执照复印件,明确标有“金融业务除外”字样,表明百银公司并不具有金融业务营业资质。

纽约地铁为何不安全?夺命地铁来袭如何自救自1904年10月27日,纽约市第一条地铁通车以来,纽约各条地铁几乎没有过大的改造。“CIQ的审核会具体到所有原产地证明上的信息和翻译件是否完全一致,陆运、船运等运输方式也要一一确保无误。尽管各地此前放松房地产相关政策对房价上涨起到推波助澜的作用,但宽松的货币环境仍是房价上涨最坚实的基础。

头戴高产的帽子,其实很多人家连温饱都没有解决。关于黑板上书写答案问题,经查,照片上传时间为3月19日18时40分,上传照片的考生为单某某、张某某。首先是用沙袋连续拍打产生的震颤力,可在短时间内活化皮肤肌肉细胞,促进血液循环,使拍打经络路线发热,起到畅通气血、通经活络的作用;其次是使用悬腕弹打而产生的极强穿透力,可入皮、透肉、达骨,直达脏腑组织,宛如无形的手术刀,有效松解肌肉黏连、痉挛、僵硬产生的疼痛及骨质病变,缓解血管老化、硬化,提高血管通透性,有效解决心肌和脑供血不足以及脏腑失调的问题。

跟随央视原创微视频,一起追寻习近平总书记的初心。”他解释,“这两三天也是‘缓冲’,为下一个实验过程做身体和知识的准备。如果一个单店的上座率不足,加盟商就很容易出现各种管理不到位、食材以次充好的问题。

对于共享单车乱停乱放造成的问题,监管部门已经出手。昨晚,河北省廊坊市发布《关于进一步加强房地产市场调控的意见》,从3月22日起限购政策进一步升级。缔约单位同意将在适当的时机设置《公约》的执行机构并服从该机构的监督管理。

  郝静在某县上示范课,进行女童保护师资培训。与此同时,北汽新能源也将在今年第二季度推出续航里程达300公里的EU300车型,而同样续航里程为300公里的紧凑型纯电动SUV——EX300L同样将于年内正式投放市场。  据报道,一名嫌犯开车在西敏寺桥上冲撞路人,随后冲撞议会大厦大门,并挥刀攻击警察,一名警察被刺伤,嫌犯遭警察开枪击中。

Theinitiativecanbeatruly"gamechanging"proposalprovideditisabletofostertrustandconfidenceamongmemberstates.Theinitiativeshouldgobeyondbilateralprojecttransactionstopromoteregionalandmultilateralpolicyframeworksandsustainability.ItistruethattheinitiativewillgeneratemutualbenefitsforChinaanditspartners.However,theeconomic,socialandenvironmentalcostsandbenefitsvaryacrosscorridors,dependingontheterrain,stateofdevelopment,productivecapacitiesandtrafficflows.Researchhasshownthatinitiativecorridorswillentailhigherbenefitsifpartnercountrieslowercrossbordertransactioncostsandimporttariffs.Forinstancea30percentdeclineinbothofthesewouldgenerateeconomicgainsof1.8percentgrowthinGDPforChinaandanywherefrom5.3to16.9percentGDPforotherparticipatingmembercountries.Improvingthequalityofinfrastructureincountrieswithlessefficienttraderegimesandborderadministrationmayresultinonlylimitedexportgains.Ouranalysissuggeststhata1percentimprovementintradefacilitationprocedures,qualityoftransportinfrastructureandinformationandcommunicationtechnologywilldeliver1.5,0.7and1.4percentincreasesinexports,respectively.Gainsarehigherforcorridorswheretradeagreementsmayalreadyexist.Withnearlytwo-thirdsofinitiativecountriesfacingenergydeficits,theinitiativeneedstocomplementandsupplementthesubregionalenergyconnectivityinitiatives.Thereismuchscopetodeveloppowergrids,promotesmart,greenandintegratedpowerandgasmarkets,harnesscross-bordergasandoilpipelinesfromresourcerichCentralAsiatoSouthandEastAsia.DrawingontheinitiativesoftheStateGridCorporationofChinaandtheGlobalEnergyInterconnectionDevelopmentCooperationOrganizationtopromoteglobalenergyinterconnectionscanenhancetheregion"senergysecurityandadvancesustainableenergyaccess.ItisalsoevidentthatICThastobeanessentialfoundationfortheinitiativeasitcanharnesscrosssectoralsynergies.E-resilienceofICTcanbeenhancedthroughincreasingdiversifiedandredundantfiberopticcables,raisingbandwidth,developingnationalICTinfrastructure,andloweringfixed-broadbandpricesasapercentageofpercapitagrossnationalincome.Theseactionscanhelpdevelopuniformqualityofservicesbetweenendpointswhichwillfacilitatetrafficdelivery,ensurelowtransitcosts,andefficientInternettrafficmanagementusingInternetexchangepoints.Whilethesocialbenefitsofsomecorridorsarehigh,thereisneedtoadoptmoreinclusiveapproachestocopewithsocialrisks.Forexample,connectingtheinitiativetoremoteareaswithnewmulti-countrycorridorswouldenableruralindustrializationandhelpnarrowurban-ruralgaps.ItisthereforeimportantthatsynergiesandcomplementaritiesbetweentheobjectivesoftheinitiativeandtheSDGscanhelpcreateawin-winsolution,particularlyasregionalcooperationandintegrationwillfacilitaterealizationoftransboundarygoals.Theinitiativewithitsunprecedentedambitionandscaleentailsenormouscomplexitiesandchallenges;however,itoffersphenomenalopportunitiestoputAsiaonawell-balancedgrowthandsustainabledevelopmentpath.Theauthorisanunder-secretary-generaloftheUnitedNationsandtheexecutivesecretaryoftheEconomicandSocialCommissionforAsiaandthePacific.  全国人大常委会委员、外事委员会副主任委员,中国社会科学院蓝迪国际智库项目专家委员会主席赵白鸽,中国开发性金融促进会执行副会长李吉平,中巴友好协会会长、国际绿色经济协会名誉会长沙祖康,中共中央对外联络部当代世界研究中心副主任许永权,国家发改委国际合作中心执行总监潘峙钢等领导和专家,以及来自巴基斯坦、缅甸、斯里兰卡、伊朗、印度尼西亚、波兰、保加利亚、立陶宛、哈萨克斯坦等国的驻华使节出席此次发布会,蓝迪国际智库平台企业四十余家参加会议。年纪轻的挎着绶带,上面写着石舍欢迎你;岁数大的穿着黄色的志愿者马甲,操持张罗,指挥停车。

还有一个方面是因为我们看的是图片,是平面信息,看的不是很真切。上海和深圳的链家区域经理告诉证券报记者,调控政策出台后,两地房价迄今涨幅约为5%-10%。上海交通大学教育专家、21世纪教授研究院副院长熊丙奇说:“英国和中国的教育评价体系是完全不同的。

因此,综艺节目跟影视剧面临同样的窘境——艺人赚钱,制作缩水。这创下韩国前总统受讯时间最长的纪录。李金暄(时任宁德地委办政研室副主任):最突出的就是机关干部里面有乱建房的苗头,买地、砍木材、拿三材(钢材、木材、水泥),这个多少都会影响到群众,群众一包、两包水泥都买不到,你能够拿这么多指标去建房,当然老百姓就有意见了。

”  北青报记者从多个品牌4S店了解到,目前北京新能源车货源充足,基本都能保证现车提供。与此同时,充分利用“互联网+”支持女性创业,通过网络宣传及手机平台做培训宣传,省内外渴望就业创业的城乡女性、矿工家属及女大学生,通过互联网了解到相关培训,通过参与实施创业就业指导培训服务提升了自身就业创业技能。TheInternationalTelecommunicationUnionhasadoptedChina"snationalstandardformobiledevices"animationasaninternationalcriterion.It"sChina"sfirsttechnologicalstandardinaculturalfieldtobeadoptedinternationally,theMinistryofCulturesaidatanewsconferenceonMonday.ThestandardnumberT.621hasbeenusedbyover1,000mobile-deviceanimationoperatorsinChina.Thiscreatesuniformedformatsandtechnicalmethodsforrunningcontentnationwide.BeijingUniversityofPostsandTelecommunicationsprofessorChenHongsaysthestandardsavescontentoperatorsenergyintermsoftransformationamongdifferentformats.Itgivesthemmoretimetocreatenewcontentandfacilitatesthecirculationofnewproduction.HeaddsthattheinternationalizationofChina"snationalstandardwillhelpChinesehardwaremanufacturersgooverseas.YuQun,anassistanttotheMinisterofCulture,saysthestandard"spromotionwillfirstfocusonBeltandRoadInitiativecountries.It"llgraduallyspreadtotheAmericasandEurope.HealsosaysChinawilldevelopmoreinternationaltechnologicalstandardsrelatedtotheculturalsphere.Related:

今年是“中澳旅游年”,希望双方以此为契机,进一步提升人员往来便利化程度。昨晚,河北省廊坊市发布《关于进一步加强房地产市场调控的意见》,从3月22日起限购政策进一步升级。而所有人心里都明白,这很可能是老人家在他最爱的省中医院当班的最后一次门诊。

,thetravelplanningandbookingwebsite,hasnamedBaliastheglobalwinnerofits2017TravelersChoiceAwardsfordestinations.Wereexcitedtorevealourcommunitysfavoritetraveldestinationsfor2017andrecognizetheseiconicplaceswithTravelersChoiceawards,saidBarbaraMessing,chiefmarketingofficerforTripAdvisorina.Awardwinnersweredeterminedusinganalgorithmthattookintoaccountthequantityandqualityofreviewsandratingsforhotels,restaurantsandattractionsacrossdestinationsworldwide,gatheredovera12-monthperiod.Theawardshonor418outstandingdestinationsin24listsacrosstheglobe.(Readalso:)NewYorkCity,meanwhile,ranksnumberoneintheUSfortheseventhconsecutiveyear.HereisthecompleteoftravelersdestinationchoiceaccordingtoTripAdvisor:“毫无疑问,优质的综艺节目总是以内容驱动资本,而不是资本驱动内容。如果说未来有谁会拍摄一部完整版虚拟现实电影,那肯定是吉尔莫德尔托罗无疑。

您说它会对云进行计算,而且它的盲区几乎都没有了,我有一个想法,就是原来我们看的都是很短时的,很现实的天气,我想问一下孙主任,您专门研究恶劣天气的,有没有可能根据对云的这个计算我们去思考它与气侯变化的关系,我们的视野能不能更宽泛一些。  关注  廊坊楼市限购升级外地户籍限购1套  北京升级住房限购政策后,环北京区域楼市也相继出台限购升级措施。廖内群岛警方怀疑,公司约150万美元被3人挪用,当地警方日前已把他们列为嫌犯。

”  当初花一万元面部注射整形,却要花一百多万元去进行后期修复,精神和经济的双重压力让王女士几近崩溃。2月初上市的新款欧尚在动力方面没有改动,只在外观和配置上有所变化。  未来中国海军拥有三艘以上航母是形成初级作战能力的基础保障。

  欺诈消费者与侵犯消费者知情权的界限  PDI即经销商对乘用车新车进行的售前检查,是国际上通行的做法。行政审批服务大厅在2016年6月下旬正式运行;研发了网上预受理系统并于12月底上线运行,实现线下、线上“一个窗口”受理行政审批事项;先后取消12个行政审批事项的29项申报材料,占总数的37.2%。  转债发行可能是本轮流动性收紧的导火索。

配合国家外交大局,实施中华文物走出去精品工程,利用党和国家领导人重要对外活动契机,抓住重大节庆、重大事件、重要会议、重要节展赛事的时间节点和国家文化年、文化节系列活动,向世界推介更多具有中国特色、凸显中国精神、蕴含中国智慧的文物精品展览,全方位拓展文物对外交流合作渠道平台,打造一批文物对外交流合作品牌。  【环球时报驻特约记者李军金惠真丁廷立柳玉鹏卢昊环球时报记者苏静】导弹在发射几秒后的上升阶段爆炸,没形成抛物线轨迹……22日上午,韩日美几乎同时宣布朝鲜当天在朝东南部江原道元山地区发射一枚导弹,但失败了。还有就是24节气是不是也受到气侯变化的影响,因而不再是那么精准了,想请几位专家回答一下。

相当于我花60元买了酒店券,最后还没见到酒店券的影子”。自然,这里也少不了谴责朴槿惠的标语。2017-03-1614:00:34后来一个一个英国爱好者在1802年做了一个云的分类,直到今天云的分类都是延续着他当初的思维。

“结了个婚,全家欠了20多万元债。十是提高森林防火应急通信保障能力。连日来,上海广大干部群众认真学习贯彻习近平总书记重要讲话精神,大家表示,要在践行新发展理念的进程中奋勇争先,撸起袖子加油干,争取更多新作为。

春天到了,候鸟老人们开始陆续北迁。研究中确认,中国军队即将装备的S-400防空导弹系统在该报告中被称作为世界上最好的防空导弹系统之一,使得北京方面不仅有机会增强其反导国防能力,同时能够通过在台湾海峡周边部署S-400系统,从而实现在空军上的优势。警方提示,遇到此类借贷诈骗一定要警惕,及时固定证据并第一时间报警。

澳门特别行政区政府社会文化司司长办公室主任叶炳权表示,全域旅游是近年国家非常重视及大力推动的旅游业发展模式,李克强总理在政府工作报告中也明确提出要大力发展“全域旅游”。10个月下来,较大改革如一例一休、年金改革仍在争议对抗中;较小的改革,比如第一阶段组改,将蒙藏委员会并入陆委会,最近出现却出现发夹弯,裹足不前。  上海杨浦区委书记李跃旗表示,杨浦作为国家双创示范基地,始终坚持创新为魂,把创新的基因深深移植到杨浦的土壤,融入到杨浦人的血脉。

深刻认识文物保护在促进经济社会发展中的重要作用。14.养只宠物。升级“骨灰级”航母,难度不小在李杰看来,俄军要对这艘“骨灰级”航母进行脱胎换骨式的升级改造,难度大、成本高。

  在人民大学重阳金融研究院承办的深化金融合作,共促金砖发展金砖国家智库研讨会上,季诺维也夫强调,五国合作早就超越了经济范畴。Atlastweekend"sopeningceremonyfortheHaidianDistrictSchoolHockeyLeague"sseason,SongandYingencouragedyoungsterstotakeupthesport."IcanimaginethatmoreandmorestudentshavepickeduphockeyinBeijing.Let"senjoythepassionandjoyofthesportaltogether...andIexpecttoseesomeofyouontheiceatthe2022WinterOlympics,"saidSong,whoisplayingcollegehockeyatCornellUniversityinIthaca,NewYork,inanticipationofchallengingforaspotintheNHL.Ying,whoseseasonwrappedupwhenRedStarwasknockedoutoftheKHLplayoffsthreeweeksago,saidthekeytograduatingfromjuniorhockeytotheproranksisperseverance."Therewillbealotofchallengesanddistractions,suchasaheavystudyload,theemphasisonacademicexcellenceinChinaandmaybeotherhobbies,"saidthe18-year-oldYing."Butonceyougetintothesportyouwillbeaddictedtoit.Myadviceistokeepworkingatitwheneveryoucanandtostickwithitnomatterwhathappens."Theschoolleague"snewseason,whichrunsthroughApril,involves40teamsandmorethan520primaryandsecondaryplayerscompetinginthreeagegroups.Althoughstillontheperipheryofnationalpopularity,hockeyisgrowingbyleapsandboundsinBeijing,asevidencedbythenumberofamateurclubsinthecapital.AccordingtotheBeijingHockeyAssociation,130teamsencompassingfivedifferentagegroupstooktotheiceduringtheBeijingMinorHockeyLeague"s2016-17season,whichwrappeduplastweek.That"sahugeincreasefromtheBMHL"sdebutseasonin2008,whenonlyfourteamscompeted.Morethan3,000juniorplayershaveregisteredwiththeassociationtotakepartinweeklyafter-schoolpracticesessionsandleaguecompetitions,saidSuJun,deputydirectoroftheyouthdepartmentofBeijingSportsBureau.Toprovidemoreadvancedtrainingandaccessiblefacilitiesforyoungplayers,WukesongArena,aBeijing2022venue,hassignedapartnershipwiththeHaidiandistricteducationcommissiontobecomeanextracurricularphysicaleducationbase.Thearena,whichhostsRedStarhomegames,willopenitsrinkforstudenttrainingsessions,offerfreeticketsforstudentstoattendgamesandwillorganizeprogramstohelptrainPEteachers.sunxiaochen@chinadaily.com.cn分析这些年,经历了太多太多的事情,纵观国际热潮,唯有心静如水,方能气贯长虹,无论你还是现货投资市场迷茫,还是在行情里不知所措,或者状态不佳的都可以和老师聊聊。

”吕耀东说。还有疑问,询问请到”俞敏洪坚信,读者只要看了就不会白看,如果能持续不断地坚持看下去,这些东西就可能会对某个人产生某一方面积极的影响。

何其乐说,这款机器人制作了大概一周,目前正在进行最终调试,之后将参加全省的机器人比赛。  但他多次强调,红籽小麦不属于国家专项检测的项目,因此,对于八岗粮管所粮库里小麦中红籽含量的多少,并没有专门检测结果。朱晓进进一步分析指出,一方面,师范院校本身只管师资的培养环节,其他一概不用过问,这使得师范院校难以为一线教学实践提供及时而有效的师资培养和供应;另一方面,师范类学生不但要掌握所学学科的基础知识、经典理论和前沿知识,还需要提高和养成教育理论和教育观念等教育专业素养,让师范类学生需要花更多时间和精力进行学习。

在这期间的两个月中,“出云”号不仅会在南海停留相当时间,还将经停新加坡、印尼、菲律宾和斯里兰卡,最终于8月返回日本。国外的加油编队队形虽然也较小,但由于国外加油机的加油软管较长,加受油机之间的队形相对比较宽松,也就是说在加油试飞中,中国试飞员要遇到比外国飞行员更大的困难。“不冲突不对抗、相互尊重、合作共赢”,恰恰契合了习近平主席提出的中美新型大国关系的内涵。

”让中国声音、中国智慧走入国外民众内心,“智库外交”优势独具。谈到朝鲜半岛局势,朱锋认为,中国在努力继续推进外交对话进程,如果朝鲜一直和有关国家采取对抗,会使外交解决朝核问题的可能性不断降低。第八条民事主体从事民事活动,不得违反法律,不得违背公序良俗。

据透露,在本案中,江西某地的冶炼工厂,由于长期堆放,矿渣中的有毒金属元素已经进入土壤,如果流入江河将导致二次污染;二次冶炼过程中,也会释放大量有害重金属,污染空气、土壤、河流,造成二次工业污染,对人体危害较大;另外二次冶炼后产生的炉灰等副产品,也含有大量有害重金属,流向水泥等建筑材料加工领域,成为危害人体健康的长期辐射源,危害长远且巨大。我们的核武力量是守护社会主义祖国及人民生活的正义宝剑,是最有信服力的战争遏制力量。AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycan’tfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanization’sreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployees’rights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkers’innovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidents’basicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereform’sachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyu’sre-writefromCaiFang’sopinionarticlepublishedonPeople’sDaily.